Gothenburg is a city and municipality in the province Västergötland on the west-coast of Sweden. As of 2006, the population was 489,787 in the city and 879,000 in the metropolitan area, making it the second largest city in Sweden, after Stockholm. Gothenburg is also a significant university city with Scandinavia's largest university (Gothenburg University) in terms of number of students.
Situated where the Göta Älv discharges into the Kattegat, the river divides Gothenburg in two halves, with the upper part located on the island Hisingen. The inlet of Göta Älv is well suited for a harbor, and Gothenburg has expanded its port to become the largest amongst the Nordic countries.