York is a historic walled city in Northern England, at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss.
The city was founded in AD 71 and became in turn the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior, known as Eboracum, and of the kingdoms of Northumbria and Jorvik. After the establishment of the Kingdom of England, York was regarded as the capital of the North, and from 1537 to 1641 housed the Council of the North. Whilst the idea of the North being a separate province with its own capital has long since disappeared from secular politics, the Church of England has retained the concept, and York remains the seat of the Archbishop of York, metropolitan bishop of the Province of York.
York is also the traditional county town of Yorkshire, to which it lends its name. Because of this, it did not form part of any of the three historic ridings, or divisions, of Yorkshire. Traditionally the term City of York was used for the area within the city walls but the modern City of York, created on April 1, 1996, is a much larger unitary authority that includes several neighbouring parishes which formerly belonged to surrounding districts. The York urban area has a population of 137,505 while the entire unitary authority has a population of 184,900.
York is home to the University of York, founded in 1963, and York St John University, which was founded in 1841 and gained university status in 2006.